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United States v. Drayton: Supreme Court Upholds Standards for Police Conduct During Bus Searches

American University Law Review

To keep pace with the growing problem of drug trafficking, law enforcement agencies have relied on rapid developments in technology to create and employ new search tactics. Yet one of the most effective techniques in locating contraband - the consent search - demands neither equipment nor innovative technology. Nonetheless, largely due to the potential for coercion in consent searches, this type of police-citizen encounter triggers hotly contested legal debates over the Fourth Amendment's parameters, protections, and restrictions. The Supreme Court's grant of certiorari in United States v. Drayton provided a recent forum to identify more precisely the standards for conducting consensual searches on modes of public transportation.

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