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Financial Services Law Insights and Observations

CFTC charges cryptocurrency derivatives platform and owners with AML violations

Securities Digital Assets CFTC DOJ Enforcement Cryptocurrency Anti-Money Laundering Bank Secrecy Act


On October 1, the CFTC filed charges against five entities and three individuals for allegedly owning and operating an unregistered cryptocurrency derivatives platform and failing to implement required anti-money laundering procedures. The complaint alleges that the platform “illegally offer[ed] leveraged retail commodity transactions, futures, options, and swaps” on cryptocurrencies without implementing key safeguards required by the Commodity Exchange Act and several CFTC regulations compliance measures, such as know-your-customer procedures or actions designed to detect and prevent illicit activities. The CFTC also claims that the exchange operated as an unregistered futures commission merchant and did not have CFTC approval to operate as a designated contract market or swap execution facility. The complaint requests civil monetary penalties and remedial ancillary relief in the form of (i) permanent trading and registration bans; (ii) disgorgement; (iii) restitution; (iv); pre- and post-judgment interest; and (v) a permanent injunction from future violations.

In a parallel action, the U.S. Attorney for the District of New York indicted the three individuals along with a fourth individual on federal charges of violating, and conspiring to violate, the Bank Secrecy Act “by willfully failing to establish, implement, and maintain an adequate anti-money laundering [] program” at the exchange.