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Financial Services Law Insights and Observations

DOJ charges unlicensed money service business with AML violations

Federal Issues Department of Justice Bank Secrecy Act Anti-Money Laundering Of Interest to Non-US Persons SARs Money Service / Money Transmitters Financial Crimes

Federal Issues

On April 14, the DOJ unsealed an indictment charging two defendants with allegedly failing to maintain anti-money laundering (AML) controls, failing to file suspicious activity reports (SARs) with the Department of Treasury, and owning and operating an unlicensed, unregistered money transmitting business in violation of the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA). According to the DOJ, the defendants allegedly conducted high-risk transactions through their unlicensed money transmitting and money service business via a New York credit union, “caus[ing] the transfer of more than $1 billion in high-risk transactions, including hundreds of millions of dollars originating from foreign jurisdictions.” The DOJ alleged that while the defendants represented to financial institutions that they were aware of the risks associated with the high-risk business and would conduct the required, appropriate BSA/AML oversight, one of the defendants “willfully failed to implement and maintain the requisite [AML] programs or conduct oversight required to detect, identify, and report suspicious transactions.” The defendants have been charged with failure to maintain an AML program, failure to file SARs, and operating an unlicensed money transmitting business. The indictment seeks forfeiture of any property constituting, or derived from, proceeds obtained directly or indirectly as a result of the alleged offenses.

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