Connecticut incentivizes businesses to adopt cybersecurity standards
On July 6, the Connecticut governor signed HB 6607, which is intended to incentivize businesses to adopt cybersecurity standards. Among other things, the act provides a complete defense to punitive damages for a cause of action founded in tort claiming a business’ failure to “implement reasonable cybersecurity controls resulted in a data breach concerning personal or restricted information.” The defense is available when an action is brought under Connecticut law or in Connecticut state court and where a business’ cybersecurity program conforms to an “industry recognized cybersecurity framework,” including the National Institute for Standards and Technology’s Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity and the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard. A business can also take advantage of the defense if it is regulated by the state or federal government and is subject to, and conforms its cybersecurity program to, current versions of the following federal laws: (i) HIPAA; (ii) Title V of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act; (iii) the Federal Information Security Modernization Act; or (iv) the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act. Additionally, should one of the identified frameworks or provided laws be amended, a business has six months after publication to conform to the revisions. The act requires a business’ cybersecurity program to, among other things, protect both “restricted information” and “personal information,” and be based on a business’ size and complexity, the nature and scope of its conducted activities, the sensitivity of the protected information, and the cost and availability of tools to improve information security measures and reduce vulnerabilities. The defense will not apply if a business’ “failure to implement reasonable cybersecurity controls was the result of gross negligence or wilful or wanton conduct.” The act takes effect October 1.