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Financial Services Law Insights and Observations

Florida enacts new requirements for payment transaction classification

State Issues Florida State Legislation Payments

State Issues

On May 2, the Governor of Florida signed into law HB 939 (the “Act”) which, among other things, will expand the definition of “depository institution” and amend the requirements for information returns relating to payment-card and third-party network transactions.

As it will relate to Florida’s commercial financing disclosure law, the Act will expand the definition of “depository institution” to mean a bank, credit union, savings or thrift association, or an industrial loan company doing business under the authority of a charter issued by the U.S., Florida, or any other state or territory which is authorized to transact business in Florida and is insured by the FDIC or NCUA Share Insurance Fund.

Additionally, the Act will require third-party settlement organizations handling transactions for participating payees located in Florida to establish a system to identify whether transactions are for goods and services or are personal payments. Third-party settlement organization will be required to create a mechanism that clearly obligates the sender to classify the transaction type prior to completion. The Act will also set forth how the sender of the payment will be responsible for categorizing the transaction accurately. Furthermore, third-party settlement organizations will be instructed to keep detailed records that reflect the transaction type as specified by the sender. However, this requirement will not be applicable to third-party settlement organizations that are contractually bound to process transactions exclusively for goods and services. The Act will define “participating payee,” “third party network transaction,” and “third party settlement organization” as defined by the Internal Revenue Code. The Act will go into effect July 1.