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Financial Services Law Insights and Observations


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  • Senate Democrats urge CFPB for guidance on P2P apps

    Federal Issues

    On September 1, five Senate Democrats sent a letter to CFPB Director Rohit Chopra urging the Bureau to issue guidance to provide better tools to protect older Americans and their families from the increased prevalence of P2P fraud. The letter discussed that, according to the FTC, P2P apps are used by scammers because “the ease with which consumers may make payments to individuals they have never met on P2P platforms facilitates quick purchasing decisions.” The FTC also found that older adults are increasingly using payment apps or services, noting that P2P-related complaints received by the FTC tripled from 2019 to 2020, and older adults reported $10 million in losses associated with complaints related to payment apps and services in 2020 alone. The letter concluded that the CFPB should “move forward with the guidance under consideration, keeping in mind the disproportionate effect that frauds and scams have on communities of color and people with Limited English Proficiency.”

    Federal Issues U.S. Senate CFPB Elder Financial Exploitation Peer-to-Peer Electronic Payments Consumer Finance

  • CFPB discusses expanding electronic payments access

    Federal Issues

    On June 28, CFPB Deputy Director Zixta Martinez spoke before the FDIC Meeting of the Advisory Committee on Economic Inclusion to discuss expanding access to affordable payments, credit, and other financial products and services. In her remarks, Martinez first discussed electronic payments, which she considers to be “quickly supplanting cash and are now an essential part of the economy.” She then discussed the role of banks, noting that they have an “obligatory and leading role” in expanding electronic payments. Martinez stated that with “their obligations to increase banking access and reduce banking and financial inequities, banks can play a key role, for example, in reducing the persistent and growing homeownership gap between Black and white families and closing the economic gap between the banked and the under- and un-banked.” She also stated that having access to electronic payments will “low[er] monthly fees and further reduc[e] the cost of overdraft and non-sufficient fund fees” and will service banking deserts in rural areas and within communities of color. Martinez further discussed actions to build out banking access and described a recent proposal to update the Community Reinvestment Act’s (CRA) regulatory framework (covered by InfoBytes here). Martinez stated that the proposal will; (i) take steps to address problems with grade inflation on CRA exams (i.e., meaning that “almost every bank” passes”); (ii) “rely upon small business lending data, which will allow for a more in-depth understanding of small business lending issues,” race, and ethnicity; (iii) “increase incentives for banks to finance community development projects in areas experiencing persistent poverty”; and (vi) “recognize banks that assist low- and moderate-income communities with clean energy transition and climate resiliency.” Additionally, Martinez noted that the Bureau “is working to ensure that banking access and access to credit is not unfairly affected by algorithmic models.” In conclusion, she said the Bureau’s recently released guidance “confirm[s] that it is unlawful to use black box models that do not allow for clear understanding of adverse actions, such as denial of credit.” (Covered by InfoBytes here.)

    Federal Issues CFPB Consumer Finance Electronic Payments Fintech Discrimination CRA

  • Oklahoma law allows lenders to charge convenience fees for electronic payments

    State Issues

    On April 25, the Oklahoma governor signed into law an act that allows lenders to charge borrowers convenience fees for making payments via debit card, electronic funds transfer, electronic checks or other electronic means. SB 1151 provides that the nonrefundable fees shall not exceed the lesser of (i) the actual third party costs incurred by the lender for accepting and processing electronic payments; and (ii) four percent of the electronic payment transaction. Lenders must notify borrowers of the amount of the fee prior to completing a transaction and provide an opportunity to cancel the transaction without a fee. The law takes effect November 1.

    State Issues State Legislation Consumer Lending Electronic Payments Fees

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