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Financial Services Law Insights and Observations


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  • CFPB approves of Illinois’ new regulations on appraisal discrimination

    State Issues

    On April 9, the CFPB released a comment letter supporting the Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation’s decision to propose three rules prohibiting discrimination related to appraisals. The CFPB interpreted and issued rules under ECOA and would enforce its requirements. Illinois’ three proposed rules (38 IAC 345.280(c)(1)(A); 38 IAC 185.280(c)(1)(A); and 38 IAC 1055.240(c)(1)) would all update the Illinois code to prohibit discrimination under ECOA or the FHA, including a provision to deny loan applications where they should have been granted due to discrimination. “Discrimination against applications on a prohibited basis in violation, for example of the [ECOA] or [FHA], including… relying on giving force or effect to discriminatory appraisals to deny loan applications where the covered financial institution knew or should have known of the discrimination[.]” The CFPB commented in their letter that these provisions accurately described ECOA. The CFPB also noted that TILA’s Appraisal Independence Rule, which it has rulemaking authority under, does not conflict with a lender’s obligations to comply with civil rights laws including ECOA.

    State Issues ECOA TILA CFPB Illinois Comment Letter

  • Oregon enacts new consumer finance protections related to wage garnishment

    State Issues

    Recently, the Governor of Oregon enacted bill SB 1595 (the “Act”) that amended Oregon’s statutes to provide greater consumer protection rights for Oregonians working to pay back their debts. The Act was mostly comprised of new rights for wage garnishments. Section 10, which updated ORS 18.785, amended what a financial institution must do if it receives a writ of garnishment for a debtor, including checking for federal benefits and analyzing an account holder’s base protected account balance, among other provisions. Additionally, the Act protected $2,500 from a person’s bank account to help them meet basic needs. The law went into effect on April 4.

    State Issues State Legislation Garnishment Oregon

  • Wisconsin updates licensing and regulation of financial services providers

    On April 4, Wisconsin enacted SB 668 (the “Act”) which will amend many provisions to the Wisconsin Department of Financial Institution’s (DFI) regulation of non-banks. According to an analysis by the state’s Legislative Reference Bureau, the Act will change how multiple financial practices are regulated and rely on the Nationwide Multistate Licensing System and Registry (NMLS). The Act will allow Wisconsin to use NMLS to administer licensing needs concerning consumer lenders, payday lenders, collection agencies, sales finance companies, money transmitters, mortgage bankers and brokers, adjustment service companies, community currency exchanges, and insurance premium finance companies. The amendments were modeled after the Model Money Transmission Modernization Act approved by the CSBS.

    The Act will require licensees to provide information directly to NMLS. For collection agencies, the Act will eliminate the requirement that a collector hold a separate license from the one held by his employer, update the definition of collection agency to add the exception for mortgage bankers, and require separate collection agency licenses for each place of business, among others – including repeals. As to consumer lenders, the Act will better define consumer loans, specify provisions governing licensed lenders, and specify which activities require licensure. With respect to sellers of checks and money transmitters, the Reference Bureau noted three provisions governing licensing and regulation of money transmitters will be replaced by the MTMA. This will include registering a license through the NMLS; granting the power to suspend, revoke, or refuse renewal of a license to the DFI; and allowing a licensed money transmitter to conduct business through an authorized delegate; among others. The Act also updated NMLSR requirements and DFI powers concerning payday lenders, sales finance companies, adjustment service companies, community currency exchanges, and insurance premium finance companies. 

    Licensing State Issues State Legislation NMLS Money Service / Money Transmitters Nonbank

  • Kentucky enacts bills on mortgage liens and unlawful trade practices

    State Issues

    On April 9, Kentucky enacted HB 488 (the “Bill”) which will establish when a county clerk admits any amendment, renewal, modification, or extension of a recorded mortgage to record. The Bill will also establish when a county clerk admits affidavits of amendment prepared and executed by an attorney to record. Additionally, the Bill will establish recording requirements and a section to establish when a promise, acknowledgment, or payment of money operates as an extension of a lien in a recorded mortgage or deed. Finally, the Bill establishes recording requirements for extensions on a lien in a recorded mortgage or deed.

    On April 4, Kentucky also enacted HB 88 (the “Act”) which will amend provisions related to unlawful trade practices, prohibiting (i) entities that are not banks or trust companies from implying that they are engaged in banking or trust activities, and (ii) entities to use in their marketing materials the name, trademark, logo or symbol of any financial institution or similarly resembling any financial institution, with exceptions for permitted use or disclosure of non-consent.

    The Act will also state that residential real property service agreements cannot give rise to rights or obligations lasting longer than two years after their effective date. Additionally, barring exceptions, service agreements cannot (i) be enforceable on future owners of interests in the residential real property or otherwise purport to remain attached to the property; (ii) create or impose a lien, encumbrance, or other real property interest on the residential real property; or (iii) require or permit recording of the agreement or any notice or memorandum of the agreement, among other things. 

    State Issues Kentucky Mortgages State Legislation Real Estate

  • Kentucky makes wholesale amendments to its financial services code

    State Issues

    On April 9, the Governor of Kentucky signed into law HB 726 (the "Act"), an Act that will make substantial amendments to the state’s regulation of financial services under Chapter 286 of the Kentucky Financial Services Code. Of note, the Act will update key definitions under the state’s financial services code, including “Bank,” “Company,” “Control,” and “Deposit.” Some of the changes will amend certain powers to the financial commissioner, an appointed position by the Governor, as well as the banking experience requirements for this position. The Act also, among other things, addresses in- and out-of-state trust company rules; banking activities rules for foreign and out-of-state financial companies; bank mergers and reviews by the commissioner; bank closures; bank loan compliance under 12 U.S.C. sec. 371c (prohibiting acceptance of a security from a bank’s affiliate); the commissioner’s rules to remove any officer, director, or employee of a bank via written notice; and mortgage loan license fees, including annual assessments.

    State Issues State Legislation Kentucky Financial Services Bank Regulatory

  • Kentucky enacts a comprehensive data privacy law for controllers

    Privacy, Cyber Risk & Data Security

    On April 4, Kentucky enacted HB 15 (the “Act”) which will apply to persons who conduct business that produces products or services that are targeted towards Kentucky residents. The Act will also apply to companies handling personal data of at least (i) 100,000 consumers, or (ii) 25,000 consumers and derive over 50 percent gross revenue from the sale of personal data. The Act does not apply to various entities, including: (i) city or state agencies, or political subdivisions of the state; (ii) financial institutions and their affiliates, as well as data subject to the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act; (iii) covered entities or businesses governed by HIPAA regulations; and (iv) nonprofit organizations. Enforcement of the Act will be through Kentucky’s Attorney General.

    The Act will impose several requirements on controllers, including: (i) limiting collection of personal data to what is relevant and necessary for the disclosed purposes; (ii) implementing reasonable administrative, technical, and physical data security measures to safeguard the confidentiality, integrity, and accessibility of personal data; (iii) refraining from processing personal data for undisclosed purposes unless the consumer consents; and (iv) obtaining explicit consent before processing sensitive data, particularly from known children, in accordance with the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act. Controllers will also need to conduct and document a data protection impact assessment for certain activities, such as targeted advertising, selling personal data, and profiling. Furthermore, controllers will be required to furnish consumers with a privacy notice containing information on the categories and purposes of data processing, consumer rights, appeals processes, and disclosures to third parties.

    The Act will grant consumers the right to confirm whether their personal data is being processed by a controller and to access that data, except where doing so would expose trade secrets. Also, consumers will have the right to rectify any inaccuracies, as well as the right to have their personal data deleted or to receive a copy of their personal data processed by the controller in a portable and easily usable format. This will allow transmission to another controller without impediment where processing is typically automated. Further, consumers will have the right to opt out of processing for targeted advertising, sale of personal data, or profiling for solely automated decisions with significant legal effects. Controllers must respond to consumer rights requests within 45 days and may be given another possible 45-day via an extension if necessary. Controllers and processors will be given a 30-day cure period during which they must confirm in writing that alleged violations have been rectified and pledge to prevent future breaches. The Act will go into effect January 1, 2026.

    Privacy, Cyber Risk & Data Security State Issues Kentucky Consumer Protection Gramm-Leach-Bliley

  • Arizona enacts new money transmission requirements

    On April 8, the Governor of Arizona signed into law SB 1034 which will amend money transmission requirements for licensees. The new law will require a licensee, before transmitting any money (either in person or electronically), to provide consumer fraud warnings on the associated risks and dangers, instructions on how to stop a money transmission (if that option is available), and a statement that the money not be returned after the transmission is completed. The law will not apply to (i) an electronic funds transfer to another person that is not available for immediate use, (ii) electronic funds transfers made with a gift certificate, and (iii) a licensee that can provide proof of presenting its employees an annual fraud prevention training that covers “the indicia of fraud associated” with electronic money transfers. The law will go into effect on July 7 (90 days after enactment).

    Licensing State Issues State Legislation

  • Seventeen State Attorneys General comment on CFPB overdraft proposal

    State Issues

    State attorneys general (AGs) from 17 states recently sent a letter to the CFPB endorsing its proposed rule to amend TILA. The 17 states included New York as principal, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nevada, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, and Washington. As previously covered by InfoBytes, the proposed amendments would treat overdraft credits as loans, which would make them subject to consumer protections.

    The AGs argued that the historical basis for excluding overdraft fees from TILA protections would be obsolete due to how the fees are assessed, the high fee amount, and the large number of overdraft transactions. The AGs wrote that closing the loophole would protect consumers by providing customers with disclosures so they can better understand the cost and enable them to comparison shop. The AGs supported a benchmark fee of $3, which is the lowest fee amount proposed by the CFPB, and argued that even a $6 fee would “undercount the volume of transactions generating a fee post-enactment” of the proposed rule. Finally, the AGs urged the CFPB to extend the proposed rule to both “very large financial institutions” (those with more than $10 billion in assets) and small financial institutions.

    State Issues State Attorney General CFPB New York Overdraft

  • Washington enacts SB 6025 addressing certain lending practices

    State Issues

    On March 25, the Governor of the State of Washington signed SB 6025 (the "Act”) into law. The Act would prohibit covered entities from (i) making loans disguised as personal property sale or leaseback transactions; (ii) offering cash rebates as a cover for installment sales; or (iii) making loans with interest rates or charges surpassing legal limits, among other things. The Act also amended portions of Washington State’s Consumer Loan Act (CLA). The Act would provide that non-bank services companies may be lenders under the CLA if such company would hold the “predominate interest in the loan” or “totality of the circumstances indicate that the [company] is the lender.” These changes will go into effect on June 6.

    State Issues Washington State Legislation Consumer Finance Consumer Protection

  • West Virginia updates licensing of mortgage brokers and lenders

    On March 26, the Governor of West Virginia signed into law SB 613, a bill that amended certain statutes regarding mortgage broker, lender, and loan originator licensing requirements. The bill updated definitions relating to the licensure and regulation of mortgage brokers, lenders, and loan originators, permitted the Commissioner of Financial Institutions to participate in the multistate licensing and examination process, and updated net worth requirements to use generally accepted accounting principles. The bill also established new information requirements for applicants and individuals involved in a change of control, requiring fingerprints, credit reports, and judicial findings to be provided to the NMLS and Registry.

    This bill also amended the West Virginia Mortgage Licensing Act to permit employees of a mortgage broker, lender, or servicer to perform remote work, subject to appropriate data security requirements, monitoring, and others. SB 613 will go into effect on June 3.

    Licensing State Legislation State Issues Broker


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