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Inspector General Investigations

Practice Overview

Companies and individuals may find themselves the subject of intrusive investigations, as federal and state offices of inspectors general pursue suspected fraud, waste, and abuse.

More than 70 inspectors general throughout federal agencies and other governmental entities have the power to issue subpoenas, coordinate with civil enforcement agencies, make referrals to and work with criminal prosecutors, issue public reports, and liaise with Congress. These investigations and potential enforcement actions can significantly strain resources, impede normal business activity, and cause reputational damage.
Buckley regularly guides clients through these inquiries and investigations, including those triggered by or involving whistleblowers, as well as handles the civil and criminal enforcement actions and congressional inquiries that arise from IG investigations.


Buckley draws upon decades of experience handling IG matters and the regulatory and compliance issues that frequently underlie such investigations, along with the deep investigative, negotiation, and trial capabilities of our attorneys, to defend our clients. We draw on these skills and experience to minimize the burden, exposure, and reputational harm arising from IG investigations.

Many of our partners have significant government experience. Team members include the former chief of the Civil Division of the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of New York; the former chief of the Criminal Division of the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District of New York, and chief assistant district attorney for the Manhattan District Attorney’s Office; a number of other former federal prosecutors, and other partners with decades of experience in the investigative process and subject matter the IGs investigate. Our lawyers have handled investigations involving numerous IG offices, and the entities with which they coordinate, including the Department of Justice, various U.S. Attorney’s Offices, federal agencies, and Congress. Officials within IG offices have also relied upon Buckley attorneys to represent them in congressional and Department of Justice inquiries.


Our extensive experience advising corporate and individual clients on multijurisdictional IG investigations and skillfully handling concurrent civil, congressional, and criminal investigations has resulted in a proven track record of obtaining closures, declinations, and non-prosecution agreements.

Over the past few years, we have handled dozens of IG matters, including representation of numerous corporate clients, including regional and national banks, mortgage originators and servicers, fintech companies, business advisory firms, and investment management companies, as well as representation of individuals, in civil and criminal investigations by the IGs of various agencies.

Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)
Department of Commerce Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA)
Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Prudential Regulators
Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Small Business Administration (SBA)
Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Special Inspector General for the Troubled Asset Relief
Program (SIGTARP)
Department of Justice (DOJ) United States Postal Service (USPS)
Department of Treasury U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)


For more information on our capabilities, please see our related practice pages, including Enforcement Actions & Investigations, Congressional Investigations, Internal Investigations, Whistleblower, and White Collar, or contact a Buckley attorney.

Topic Spotlight: IG investigations and the Covid-19 pandemic

The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act), signed into law on March 27, 2020, expanded the role of inspectors general in the oversight and investigation of the unparalleled federal relief deployed to address the economic crisis triggered by the Covid-19 pandemic. The CARES Act created a special inspector general for pandemic recovery (SIGPR), as well as a Pandemic Response Accountability Committee (PRAC) which consists of existing federal inspectors general and is armed with the authority to compel testimony. These oversight bodies join more than 70 existing federal inspectors general — including the SBA, FHFA, FHA, and VA — who are already scrutinizing recipients of these funds and CARES Act compliance and oversight. Accordingly, we should expect a sharp increase in IG-led investigations and resulting civil, criminal, and congressional proceedings.

Learn more about pandemic relief investigations, enforcement, and litigation »


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