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  • Fed issues enforcement action for flood insurance violations

    Federal Issues

    On February 6, the Federal Reserve Board (Fed) announced an enforcement action against a Virginia-based bank for alleged violations of the National Flood Insurance Act (NFIA) and Regulation H, which implements the NFIA. The consent order assesses a $9,500 penalty against the bank for an alleged pattern or practice of violations of Regulation H, but does not specify the number or the precise nature of the alleged violations. The maximum civil money penalty under the NFIA for a pattern or practice of violations is $2,000 per violation.

    Federal Issues Federal Reserve Enforcement Consumer Finance Mortgages Bank Regulatory Bank Supervision National Flood Insurance Act Flood Insurance

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  • Federal Reserve hits bank for flood insurance violations

    Federal Issues

    On January 30, the Federal Reserve Board (Fed) announced an enforcement action against a New York-based bank for allegedly violating the National Flood Insurance Act (NFIA) and Regulation H, which implements the NFIA. The consent order assesses a $36,500 civil money penalty against the bank for an alleged pattern or practice of violations of Regulation H, but does not specify the number or the precise nature of the alleged violations. The maximum civil money penalty under the NFIA for a pattern or practice of violations is $2,000 for each violation. The consent order was signed by both the bank and the Fed on January 24.

     

    Federal Issues Federal Reserve Enforcement National Flood Insurance Act Regulation H Flood Insurance Consent Order

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  • OCC fines bank on flood insurance

    Federal Issues

    On January 21, the OCC assessed a nearly $18 million civil money penalty against a national bank lender for alleged violations of the Flood Disaster Protection Act (FDPA). According to the OCC, the bank allegedly maintained FDPA policies and procedures which allowed the bank’s third-party servicer to extend the 45-day period after notification to the borrower that the flood insurance did not adequately cover the collateral. The OCC alleged that this resulted in the “untimely force placement of flood insurance” on loans secured by buildings or mobile homes located in special flood hazard areas. The bank agreed to pay the penalty without admitting or denying any wrongdoing.

    Federal Issues OCC Enforcement Flood Insurance Flood Disaster Protection Act Mortgages National Flood Insurance Program

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  • FDIC fines bank for flood insurance violations

    Federal Issues

    On September 27, the FDIC announced its release of a list of administrative enforcement actions taken against banks and individuals in August. According to the press release, the FDIC issued 13 orders, which include “four consent orders; one removal and prohibition order; four civil money penalty orders; two terminations of consent orders; and five section 19 orders.” Notably, the FDIC assessed a civil money penalty against a Texas-based bank for alleged violations of the Flood Disaster Protection Act, including failing to (i) obtain flood insurance coverage on loans at the time of origination, increase, extension, or renewal; (ii) maintain flood insurance coverage for the term of a loan; (iii) follow force-placement flood insurance procedures; or (iv) provide borrowers with notice of the availability of federal disaster relief assistance “in all cases whether or not flood insurance is available under the [National Flood Insurance Act] for the collateral securing the loan.”

    Federal Issues FDIC Enforcement Flood Insurance Flood Disaster Protection Act National Flood Insurance Act

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  • Fed issues enforcement action for flood insurance violations

    Federal Issues

    On September 5, the Federal Reserve Board announced an enforcement action against a Nebraska-based bank for allegedly violating the National Flood Insurance Act (NFIA) and Regulation H, which implements the NFIA. The consent order assesses a $37,000 penalty against the bank for an alleged pattern or practice of violations of Regulation H, but does not specify the number or the precise nature of the alleged violations. The maximum civil money penalty under the NFIA for a pattern or practice of violations is $2,000 per violation.

    Federal Issues Federal Reserve Enforcement Flood Insurance National Flood Insurance Act

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  • Fed updates private flood insurance interagency examination procedures

    Agency Rule-Making & Guidance

    On August 22, the Federal Reserve Board (Fed) issued CA 19-10, which provides updates to the interagency examination procedures for the Flood Disaster Protection Act (FDPA). The updated guidance is applicable to all Fed-supervised institutions with total consolidated assets of $10 billion or less, and supersedes CA 16-1’s FDPA examination procedures. Specifically, the updated procedures address new sections from a final interagency rule issued in February concerning the acceptability of private flood insurance (previously covered by InfoBytes here). Additionally, the updated procedures provide guidelines for lending institutions when considering a mutual aid society flood protection plan. The Fed notes that “state member banks may not typically analyze mutual aid society plans in the course of their lending activities,” and reminds lenders that acceptance standards for mutual aid society plans will vary depending on the state.

    Agency Rule-Making & Guidance Federal Reserve Flood Insurance Examination Flood Disaster Protection Act Mortgages

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  • Fed issues two enforcement actions for flood insurance violations

    Federal Issues

    On August 20, the Federal Reserve Board announced enforcement actions against two separate Massachusetts-based banks for allegedly violating the National Flood Insurance Act (NFIA) and Regulation H, which implements the NFIA. The first consent order assesses a $20,000 penalty against the bank for a pattern or practice of violations of Regulation H, but does not specify the number or the precise nature of the alleged violations; the second consent order assesses a $36,000 penalty, while similarly not specifying the number or precise nature of the violations. The maximum civil money penalty under the NFIA for a pattern or practice of violations is $2,000 per violation.

    Federal Issues Federal Reserve Enforcement Flood Insurance National Flood Insurance Act

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  • Freddie and Fannie address new rules for private flood insurance

    Federal Issues

    On June 5, Fannie Mae issued a Selling Notice to address new regulations on private flood insurance taking effect July 1. (See previous InfoBytes coverage here.) While the joint final rule issued by the federal banking agencies in February applies the private flood insurance provisions of the Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2012 (Biggert-Waters Act) to supervised financial institutions, Fannie Mae stated that it is not subject to the final rule and will continue to apply its current Selling Guide eligibility standards and procedures to all loans in FEMA-designated special flood hazard areas (SFHA), or to loans secured by residences that are in a SFHA at the time of origination. Under the Selling Guide, “private flood insurance policies may be delivered as an alternative to National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) policies” provided the terms and amount of coverage meet the specified qualifications and the property insurer meets the rating requirements.

    On June 6, Freddie Mac released Guide Bulletin 2019-11, which, among other things, also emphasizes that it is not subject to the final rule, and is separately authorized by the Biggert-Waters Act to accept private flood insurance policies and establish requirements for issuers of these policies on premises securing Freddie Mac Mortgages. Specifically, Freddie Mac stated that it will continue to apply its current criteria when accepting private flood insurance policies, and that its requirements will “apply to all Seller/Servicers, including an institution subject to the federal banking agencies’ rule regardless of the rule provision (mandatory or discretionary) used to accept a private flood insurance policy.”

    Federal Issues Freddie Mac Fannie Mae Flood Insurance Mortgages Biggert-Waters Act

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  • FDIC fines banks for flood insurance, BSA violations

    Federal Issues

    On May 31, the FDIC announced its release of a list of administrative enforcement actions taken against banks and individuals in April. The list reflects that the FDIC issued 17 orders, which includes “two consent orders; three terminations of consent orders; five Section 19 orders; three removal and prohibition orders; and four orders to pay civil money penalty.” Among other actions, the FDIC assessed civil money penalties against three separate banks (see here, here, and here) for alleged violations of the Flood Disaster Protection Act, including failing to (i) obtain flood insurance coverage on loans at or before origination; (ii) maintain, increase, extend, renew, or provide written notification to borrowers concerning flood insurance coverage on loans secured by collateral located in special flood hazard areas; (iii) follow force-placement flood insurance procedures; or (iv) provide borrowers with notice of the availability of federal disaster relief assistance within a reasonable timeframe.

    The FDIC also assessed a civil money penalty against a New York-based bank related to alleged violations of the Bank Secrecy Act.

    Federal Issues FDIC Enforcement Flood Insurance Flood Disaster Protection Act Bank Secrecy Act Mortgages

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  • OCC releases April 2019 enforcement actions

    Federal Issues

    On May 16, the OCC released a list of recent enforcement actions taken against national banks, federal savings associations, and individuals currently and formerly affiliated with such entities. The new enforcement actions include personal cease-and-desist orders, removal and prohibition orders, notice of charges against an individual, and terminations of existing enforcement actions against individuals and banks. The release also includes two civil money penalty orders discussed below.

    On April 9, the OCC assessed $35,000 in civil money penalties against an Oklahoma-based bank for an alleged pattern or practice of violations of the Flood Disaster Protection Act and its implementing regulations. Additionally, on April 24, the OCC assessed $136,000 in civil money penalties against a Texas-based bank for an alleged pattern or practice of failing to ensure timely notification and force-placement of flood insurance on property in special flood hazard areas, in violation of the National Flood Insurance Act.

    Federal Issues OCC Enforcement Flood Insurance Flood Disaster Protection Act Civil Money Penalties

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