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  • FDIC releases June enforcement actions

    On July 29, the FDIC released a list of administrative enforcement actions taken against banks and individuals in June. During the month, the FDIC made public twelve orders consisting of “three consent orders, one order to pay civil money penalty, four orders of prohibition, one section 19 order, one order terminating consent order, two orders of termination of insurance, one Notice of Intention to Prohibit from Further Participation, Notice of Assessment of Civil Money Penalties, Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law, Order to Pay, Notice of Hearing, and Prayer for Relief.” The FDIC imposed a civil money penalty against a Missouri-based bank for alleged violations of the Flood Disaster Protection Act. Among other things, the FDIC claimed that the bank “made, increased, extended or renewed a loan secured by a building or mobile home located or to be located in a special flood hazard area without providing timely notice to the borrower and/or the servicer as to whether flood insurance was available for the collateral.” The bank must pay a $7,000 civil money penalty.

    The actions also include a consent order with a Georgia-based bank, which alleged that the bank violated “law or regulation related to weaknesses in the Bank’s compliance with the Bank Secrecy Act.” According to the consent order, the bank must, among other things: (i) “enhance its oversight of the Bank’s BSA/AML Compliance Program and assume full responsibility for the approval of sound BSA/AML policies, procedures, and processes”; (ii) “revise, adopt, and implement a written BSA/AML Compliance Program, including policies and procedures”; and (iii) “review and revise as appropriate its written policies, procedures, and processes for assessing the money laundering, terrorist financing, and other illicit financial activities risk profile of the Bank.”

    Bank Regulatory FDIC Enforcement Anti-Money Laundering Bank Secrecy Act Flood Disaster Protection Act Financial Crimes

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  • FDIC releases May enforcement actions

    On June 24, the FDIC released a list of 14 public enforcement actions taken against banks and individuals in May. These orders consist of “two consent orders, one modification of an 8(e) prohibition order, three orders to pay civil money penalty, three orders of prohibition, two section 19 orders, and one order of prohibition from further participation and order to pay, one order terminating amended supervisory prompt corrective action directive, and one order of termination of insurance.” Included is an order to pay a civil money penalty imposed against a Texas-based bank related to alleged violations of the Flood Disaster Protection Act. Among other things, the FDIC claimed that the bank failed “to obtain flood insurance or obtain an adequate amount of insurance coverage, at or before loan origination, for all structures in a flood zone, including multiple structures,” and failed “to force-place flood insurance, after loan origination, when the insurance on buildings securing the loan” was insufficient or nonexistent. The order assessed a $2,000 civil money penalty.

    The FDIC also issued a consent order against a Utah-based bank based on alleged unsafe or unsound banking practices relating to the Bank Secrecy Act. The bank neither admitted nor denied the alleged violations but agreed to, among other things, “increase its oversight of the Bank's compliance with the BSA” and “conduct a comprehensive assessment of BSA/AML staffing needs.”

    Bank Regulatory Federal Issues FDIC Flood Insurance Flood Disaster Protection Act Bank Secrecy Act Anti-Money Laundering Enforcement

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  • FDIC releases April enforcement actions

    On May 27, the FDIC released a list of administrative enforcement actions taken against banks and individuals in April. During the month, the FDIC made public eight orders consisting of “three consent orders, one order of prohibition, one order to pay civil money penalty, one section 19 order, and two orders terminating consent orders.” The FDIC also released one notice seeking "an order of prohibition and an order to pay civil money penalty.” An order to pay a civil money penalty was imposed against a Missouri-based bank related to alleged violations of the Flood Disaster Protection Act. Among other things, the FDIC claimed that the bank: (i) “made, increased, extended, or renewed loans secured by a building or mobile home located or to be located in a special flood hazard area without requiring that the collateral be covered by flood insurance”; and (ii) “made, increased, extended, or renewed a loan secured by a building or mobile home located or to be located in a special flood hazard area without providing timely notice to the borrower and/or the servicer as to whether flood insurance was available for the collateral.” The order requires the payment of a $2,250 civil money penalty.

    The FDIC also issued a consent order to a Louisiana-based bank, which alleged that the bank had “unsafe or unsound banking practices or violations of law or regulation relating to deficiencies in management and Board oversight, earnings performance, capital support, interest rate risk management, and asset quality.” The bank neither admitted nor denied the alleged violations but agreed to, among other things, “maintain its Total Risk-Based Capital ratio equal to or greater than 12.00 percent.”

    Bank Regulatory Federal Issues FDIC Enforcement Flood Disaster Protection Act Flood Insurance

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  • FDIC highlights NSF/overdraft fees, fair lending in 2022 Consumer Compliance Supervisory Highlights

    On March 31, the FDIC released the spring 2022 edition of the Consumer Compliance Supervisory Highlights to provide information and observations related to the FDIC’s consumer compliance supervision of state non-member banks and thrifts in 2021. Topics include:

    • A summary of the FDIC’s supervisory approach in response to the Covid-19 pandemic, including efforts made by banks to meet the needs of consumers and communities.
    • An overview of the most frequently cited violations (approximately 78 percent of total violations involved TILA, the Flood Disaster Protection Act (FDPA), EFTA, Truth in Savings Act, and RESPA). During 2021, the FDIC initiated 20 formal enforcement actions and 24 informal enforcement actions addressing consumer compliance examination observations, and issued civil money penalties totaling $2.7 million against institutions to address violations of the FDPA and Section 5 of the FTC Act.
    • Information on the charging of multiple non-sufficient funds fees (NSF) for re-presented items, and risk-mitigating activities taken by banks to avoid potential violations. According to the FDIC, “failure to disclose material information to customers about re-presentment practices and fees” may be deceptive. The failure to disclose material information to customers “may also be unfair if there is the likelihood of substantial injury for customers, if the injury is not reasonably avoidable, and if there is no countervailing benefit to customers or competition. For example, there is risk of unfairness if multiple fees are assessed for the same transaction in a short period of time without sufficient notice or opportunity for consumers to bring their account to a positive balance.” Recommendations on addressing overdraft issues are discussed in the report.
    • An overview of fair lending concerns highlighting ways to mitigate risk, including “[m]aintaining written policies and procedures that include information for lending staff to reference when applying credit decision criteria and determining whether borrowers are creditworthy” and reviewing requirements used to screen potential applicants to make sure there is no “discriminatory impact.”
    • Information on regulatory developments, such as (i) rulemaking related to the Community Reinvestment Act, flood insurance, false advertising/misuse of the FDIC’s name or logo rulemaking, deposit insurance, and LIBOR; and (ii) guidance on fintech due diligence, artificial intelligence/machine learning, and third-party risk management.
    • A summary of consumer compliance resources available to financial institutions.
    • An overview of consumer complaint trends.

    Bank Regulatory Federal Issues FDIC Supervision Compliance Examination Overdraft Consumer Finance TILA Flood Disaster Protection Act EFTA Truth in Savings Act RESPA Fair Lending

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  • FDIC releases February enforcement actions

    On March 25, the FDIC released a list of administrative enforcement actions taken against banks and individuals in February. During the month, the FDIC made public six orders consisting of “three Orders to Pay Civil Money Penalty, two orders terminating consent order, and one consent order.” Among those announced were two civil money penalties for alleged violations of the Flood Disaster Protection Act. In one civil money penalty, imposed against a Kansas-based bank, the FDIC claimed that the bank “made, increased, extended, renewed, sold, or transferred a loan secured by a building or mobile home located or to be located in a special flood hazard area without properly notifying the Administrator of FEMA or their designee.” The order requires the payment of a $2,250 civil money penalty. In another civil money penalty, imposed against a Minnesota-based bank, the FDIC claimed that the bank: (i) “made, increased, extended, or renewed loans secured by a building or mobile home located or to be located in a special flood hazard area without requiring that the collateral be covered by flood insurance”; (ii) “made, increased, extended or renewed a loan secured by a building or mobile home located or to be located in a special flood hazard area without providing timely notice to the borrower and/or the servicer as to whether flood insurance was available for the collateral”; and/or (iii) “failed to comply with proper procedures for force-placing flood insurance in instances where the collateral was not covered by flood insurance at some time during the term of the loan.” That order requires the payment of a $3,000 civil money penalty.

    Bank Regulatory Federal Issues FDIC Enforcement Flood Disaster Protection Act Flood Insurance

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  • FDIC releases January enforcement actions

    On February 25, the FDIC released a list of administrative enforcement actions taken against banks and individuals in January. During the month, the FDIC made public nine orders consisting of “four Orders to Pay Civil Money Penalty, one order terminating consent order, one voluntary termination of deposit insurance, and three orders of prohibition from further participation.” Among the actions is an order to pay a civil money penalty imposed against a Wisconsin-based bank related to alleged violations of the Flood Disaster Protection Act. Among other things, the FDIC claimed that the bank “fail[ed] to obtain adequate flood insurance for two loans,” and “faile[d] to provide to borrowers a Notice of Special Flood Hazard and Availability of Federal Disaster Relief Assistance within a reasonable time before the completion of the transaction on four loans.” The order requires the payment of a $3,000 civil money penalty. The orders also include pay a civil money penalty order imposed against a Iowa-based bank related to alleged violations of the Flood Disaster Protection Act. Among other things, the FDIC claimed that the bank: (i) “made, increased, extended, or renewed loans secured by a building or mobile home located or to be located in a special flood hazard area without requiring that the collateral be covered by flood insurance”; (ii) “made, increased, extended, or renewed a loan secured by a building or mobile home located or to be located in a special flood hazard area without providing timely notice to the borrower and/or the servicer as to whether flood insurance was available for the collateral”; and (iii) “failed to comply with proper procedures for force-placing flood insurance in instances where the collateral was not covered by flood insurance at some time during the term of the loan.” The order requires the payment of a $16,250 civil money penalty.

    Bank Regulatory Federal Issues FDIC Enforcement Flood Disaster Protection Act Flood Insurance Mortgages

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  • FDIC releases December enforcement actions

    On January 28, the FDIC released a list of administrative enforcement actions taken against banks and individuals in December. During the month, the FDIC made public eight orders, including one order issued in October 2021, and one notice. The administrative enforcement actions in the orders and notice consisted of “two Orders to Pay Civil Money Penalty, one Consent Order, one order terminating consent order, one voluntary termination of deposit insurance, two Section 19 Orders, one adjudicated cease and desist order, and one Notice of Charges.” Among the actions is an order to pay a civil money penalty imposed against a North Dakota-based bank related to alleged violations of the Flood Disaster Protection Act. Among other things, the FDIC claimed that the bank: (i) “made, increased, extended, or renewed loans secured by a building or mobile home located or to be located in a special flood hazard area without requiring that the collateral be covered by flood insurance”; and (ii) “made, increased, extended or renewed a loan secured by a building or mobile home located or to be located in a special flood hazard area without providing timely notice to the borrower and/or the servicer as to whether flood insurance was available for the collateral.” The order requires the payment of a $4,500 civil money penalty.

    Bank Regulatory FDIC Mortgages Enforcement Federal Issues Flood Disaster Protection Act Flood Insurance

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  • FDIC releases November enforcement actions

    On December 30, the FDIC released a list of administrative enforcement actions taken against banks and individuals in November. During the month, the FDIC made public fourteen orders consisting of “three Orders to Pay Civil Money Penalty, one Consent Order, three Termination of Consent Orders, one Order Terminating Supervisory Prompt Corrective Action Directive, one Amended Supervisory Prompt Corrective Action Directive, two Orders of Prohibition from Further Participation, and three Section 19 Orders.” Among the orders is an order to pay a civil money penalty imposed against a Nebraska-based bank related to alleged violations of the Flood Disaster Protection Act. Among other things, the FDIC claimed that the bank: (i) “made, increased, extended, or renewed loans secured by a building or mobile home located or to be located in a special flood hazard area without requiring that the collateral be covered by flood insurance”; (ii) “made, increased, extended or renewed a loan secured by a building or mobile home located or to be located in a special flood hazard area without providing timely notice to the borrower and/or the servicer as to whether flood insurance was available for the collateral”; and (iii) “failed to comply with proper procedures for force-placing flood insurance in instances where the collateral was not covered by flood insurance at some time during the term of the loan.” The order requires the payment of a $6,500 civil money penalty.

    The FDIC and the California Department of Financial Protection and Innovation also issued a consent order to a California-based bank, which alleged that the bank had unsafe or unsound banking practices relating to management, capital, asset quality, liquidity and funds management, and violations of law. The bank neither admitted nor denied the alleged violations but agreed to, among other things, retain qualified management and “maintain its total risk-based capital ratio in such an amount as to equal or exceed 12 percent.”

    Bank Regulatory Federal Issues FDIC Enforcement Flood Disaster Protection Act DFPI State Issues Flood Insurance

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  • FDIC releases September enforcement actions

    Federal Issues

    On October 29, the FDIC released a list of administrative enforcement actions taken against banks and individuals in September. During the month, the FDIC made public six orders consisting of “one Consent Order, two terminations of Consent Orders, one Order to Pay Civil Money Penalty, one Order Terminating Decision and Order to Cease and Desist, and one Order of Termination of Insurance.” Among the orders is an order to pay a civil money penalty imposed against a Nebraska-based bank related to alleged violations of the Flood Disaster Protection Act. Among other things, the FDIC claimed that the bank “[m]ade, increased, extended, or renewed loans secured by a building or mobile home located or to be located in a special flood hazard area without requiring that the collateral be covered by flood insurance,” and also allegedly “[f]ailed to comply with proper procedures for force-placing flood insurance in instances where the collateral was not covered by flood insurance at some time during the term of the loan.” The order requires the payment of a $24,000 civil money penalty.

    The FDIC also issued a consent order to a Utah-based bank, which requires the bank to take measures to correct current alleged violations (and prevent future violations) of TILA, RESPA, E-Sign Act, ECOA, CRA, and TISA, as well as the statutes’ implementing regulations. The bank neither admitted nor denied the alleged violations but agreed to, among other things, develop a sound risk-based compliance program and implement an effective training program to ensure compliance.

    Federal Issues FDIC Enforcement Bank Regulatory Flood Disaster Protection Act TILA RESPA E-SIGN Act ECOA CRA Truth in Savings Act

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  • FDIC releases August enforcement actions

    Federal Issues

    On September 24, the FDIC released a list of administrative enforcement actions taken against banks and individuals in August. During the month, the FDIC issued eight orders consisting of “one Consent Order, three terminations of Consent Orders, two Orders to Pay Civil Money Penalty, one Removal/Prohibition Order, and two Section 19 Orders.” Among the orders is an order to pay a civil money penalty imposed against a Nebraska-based bank related to alleged violations of the Flood Disaster Protection Act. Among other things, the FDIC claimed that the bank “[m]ade, increased, extended or renewed a loan secured by a building or mobile home located or to be located in a special flood hazard area without providing notice to the borrower and/or the servicer as to whether flood insurance was available for the collateral.” The bank also allegedly “[f]ailed to comply with proper procedures for force-placing flood insurance in instances where the collateral was not covered by flood insurance at some time during the term of the loan.” The order requires the payment of a $3,000 civil money penalty.

    Federal Issues FDIC Enforcement Flood Insurance Mortgages Flood Disaster Protection Act Bank Regulatory

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