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Financial Services Law Insights and Observations

States pass bills amending security freeze laws

State Issues State Legislation Security Freeze Data Breach Privacy/Cyber Risk & Data Security Credit Reporting Agency

State Issues

On March 29, the Colorado governor signed HB 1233, which authorizes a parent or legal guardian to request a credit reporting agency place a security freeze on a protected consumer’s credit file; the law defines protected person to include a minor under 16 years of age or an individual who is a ward of the legal guardian. According to HB 1233, if no credit file exists for the protected consumer, the credit reporting agency is required to create a record and then initiate the security freeze on such record without charge. Additionally, among other things, the law prohibits the charging of a fee for the “placement, temporary lift, partial lift, or removal of a security freeze” on a protected consumer’s credit file and allows for a protected consumer to remove the security freeze if they demonstrate the representative’s authority is no longer valid. HB 1233 becomes effective on January 1, 2019.

On March 30, the Kentucky governor signed HB 46, which updates Kentucky’s security freeze law to, among other things, allow a consumer to request a security freeze by methods established by the credit reporting agency in addition to written notification, and remove the requirement that a security freeze expire after seven years. The law continues to allow for a charge of up to ten dollars for the placement, temporary lift, or removal of a security freeze unless the consumer is a victim of identity theft and provides the credit reporting agency with a valid police report. The law is effective immediately, as the text notes that security breaches and the risk of identity theft are on the rise.

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