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FSB highlights crypto threats to global financial system

Federal Issues FSB Digital Assets Covid-19 FATF Of Interest to Non-US Persons

Federal Issues

On July 11, the Financial Stability Board (FSB) outlined challenges and vulnerabilities facing the global financial system in a letter sent to G20 finance ministers and central bank governors. While recognizing that markets have seemingly coped with “evolving economic conditions and high volatility in an orderly manner” and that so far “[n]o major financial institution has shown signs of distress,” the FSB cautioned that vigilance is necessary, as unexpected economic deteriorations may test financial resilience. Among other topics, the FSB discussed targeted approaches for phasing out of Covid-19 measures to mitigate the adverse effects of high debt, and stressed that “[e]xit strategies need to reflect specific domestic economic conditions and avoid excessive financial market reactions, which may limit the scope to engineer a fully synchronized exit across jurisdictions.” Crypto-assets also create vulnerabilities, the FSB added, pointing to a recent FSB communication that clarified that stablecoins and other crypto-assets “do not operate in a regulation-free space” and warned crypto-asset providers that they may not operate in any jurisdiction without meeting applicable regulatory, supervisory, and oversight requirements. The FSB will take enforcement action against members that fail to comply with existing legal obligations, it said, adding that it is currently working to ensure that crypto-assets are subject to regulation and supervision through coordinated regulatory initiatives. Additionally, the FSB noted it is closely collaborating with standard-setting bodies, including the Financial Action Task Force, to regulate and supervise stablecoins and other crypto-assets and understand the implications of decentralized finance on financial stability. Consultative reports discussing recommendations for global regulatory and supervisory approaches to stablecoins and other crypto-assets will be submitted in October to the G20 finance ministers and central bank governors.

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