Barr says AI should not create racial disparities in lending
On February 7, Federal Reserve Board Vice Chair for Supervision, Michael S. Barr, delivered remarks during the “Banking on Financial Inclusion” conference, where he warned financial institutions to make sure that using artificial intelligence (AI) and algorithms does not create racial disparities in lending decisions. Banks “should review the underlying models, such as their credit scoring and underwriting systems, as well as their marketing and loan servicing activities, just as they should for more traditional models,” Barr said, pointing to findings that show “significant and troubling disparities in lending outcomes for Black individuals and businesses relative to others.” He commented that “[w]hile research suggests that progress has been made in addressing racial discrimination in mortgage lending, regulators continue to find evidence of redlining and pricing discrimination in mortgage lending at individual institutions.” Studies have also found persistent discrimination in other markets, including auto lending and lending to Black-owned businesses. Barr further commented that despite significant progress over the past 25 years in expanding access to banking services, a recent FDIC survey found that the unbanked rate for Black households was 11.3 percent as compared to 2.1 percent for White households.
Barr suggested several measures for addressing these issues and eradicating discrimination. Banks should actively analyze data to identify where racial disparities occur, conduct on-the-ground testing to identify discriminatory practices, and review AI or other algorithms used in making lending decisions, Barr advised. Banks should also devote resources to stamp out unfair, abusive, or illegal practices, and find opportunities to support and invest in low- and moderate-income (LMI) communities, small businesses, and community infrastructure. Meanwhile, regulators have a clear responsibility to use their supervisory and enforcement tools to make sure banks resolve consumer protection weaknesses, Barr said, adding that regulators should also ensure that rules provide appropriate incentives for banks to invest in LMI communities and lend to such households.