DFPI highlights CCFPL enforcement actions
On June 8, the Department of Financial Protection and Innovation (DFPI) released its second annual report covering California Consumer Financial Protection Law (CCFPL) actions two years after the statute took effect. DFPI reported growth across rulemaking, enforcement, supervision, complaint handling, stakeholder outreach, and consumer education. It also developed several new department functions to support historically underserved communities.
According to the report, DFPI’s increased visibility in the consumer protection space has generated more consumer complaints, resulting in more enforcement actions. Compared to 2021, there was a 514 percent increase in CCFPL-related complaints (approximately 454 complaints), and an 85 percent increase in CCFPL-related investigations (approximately 196 investigations). Top complaint categories included debt collection and crypto assets, with student loan servicers and credit reporting closely following at third and fourth. To address these issues, DFPI opened 110 crypto-related investigations and launched a consumer alerts page on its website featuring 67 public actions and 65 consumer alerts.
Other key takeaways from the report include that DFPI (i) ordered more than $250,000 in penalties; (ii) ordered over $300,000 in restitution to consumers; (iii) brought its first two civil actions using CCFPL authority; (iv) had 105,000 people attend its outreach and education events; (v) published a notice of proposed rulemaking requiring providers of certain financial services and products to register with the DFPI; and (vi) chaptered two pieces of legislation adding to the laws that DFPI may enforce under the CCFPL.