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Financial Services Law Insights and Observations

Chopra shares prepared remarks about the lessons from 2008

Federal Issues Agency Rule-Making & Guidance Consumer Finance Mortgages

Federal Issues

In his recent address at the Better Markets Conference and his address at the Mortgage Collaborative National Conference, CFPB Director Rohit Chopra reflected on lessons from the 2008 financial crisis, discussing the regulatory failures exemplified by mortgage entities’ risky practices and emphasized the post-crisis reforms, including the creation of the CFPB. Chopra highlighted the CFPB's role in implementing crucial mortgage industry standards and its positive impact on borrower protections. He also mentioned the challenges facing the mortgage market today and the legal battles over CFPB rules, touching upon an upcoming Supreme Court case challenging the CFPB's constitutionality and its potential consequences for financial stability, underlining the importance of regulatory rules for financial markets and household finances. Chopra highlighted the CFPB's role in implementing standards for ensuring borrowers' ability to repay through the qualified mortgage and ability-to-repay rule, which granted legal immunity to compliant lenders. As a result of the financial crisis, Congress set requirements related to mortgage data, mortgage servicing, and mortgage lender compensation. Much of the authority that had been held by the OCC, the Fed, and the Office of Thrift Supervision were transferred to the nascent CFPB. In his remarks, Chopra also outlined areas where further action is needed, including open banking, financial data rights, bank mergers, the effectiveness of "living wills" for large financial firms, and the regulation of shadow banks.